Studies of surface modified NiTi alloy
Shevchenko N., Pham M.-T., Maitz M.F.
Appl Surf Sci 235(1-2): 126-131 (2004).
A corrosion resistant and nickel free surface on NiTi (nitinol) for biomedical applications should be produced by ion implantation. Ar+ and/or N+ implantation in NiTi alloy was performed at energies of 20-40 keV and fluences of (3-5) x 1017 cm-2 by means of plasma immersion ion implantation. The modification of the NiTi alloy and its biocompatibility properties were studied. The near surface layers were analysed by Auger electron spectroscopy (AES), grazing incidence X-ray diffraction (GIXRD) and cell culture tests and electrochemical corrosion analysis of these layers were performed. A nickel depleted surface layer is produced by the implantation, which was sealed by formation of TiN or Ti oxide layers at the different implantation regimes, respectively. No differences in biocompatibility were seen on the modified compared with the initial surfaces. The corrosion stability increased by this treatment.