Surface improvement and biocompatibility of TiAl24Nb10 intermetallic alloy
using rf plasma nitriding
Abd El-Rahman A.M., Maitz M.F., Kassem M.A., El-Hossary F.M., Prokert F., Reuther H., Pham M.T., Richter E.
Appl Surf Sci 253(23): 9067-9072 (2007). DOI:10.1016/j.apsusc.2007.05.021
The present work describes the surface improvement and biocompatibility of TiAl24Nb10 intermetallic alloy using rf plasma nitriding. The nitriding process was carried out at different plasma power from 400 W to 650 W where
the other plasma conditions were fixed. Grazing incidence X-ray diffractometry (GIXRD), Auger electron spectroscopy (AES), tribometer and a nanohardness tester were employed to characterize the nitrided layer. Further potentiodynamic polarization method was used to describe the corrosion behavior of the un-nitrided and nitrided alloy. It has been found that the Vickers hardness (HV) and corrosion resistance values of the nitrided layers increase with increasing plasma power while the wear
rates of the nitrided layers reduce by two orders of magnitude as compared to those of the un-nitrided layer. This improvement in surface properties of the intermetallic alloy is due to formation of a thin modified layer which is composed of titanium nitride in the alloy surface. Moreover, all modified layers were tested for their sustainability as a biocompatible material. Concerning the application area of biocompatibility, the present treated alloy show good surface properties especially
for the nitrided alloy at low plasma power of 400 W.